Royal Correspondence of the Assyrian Empire
Letter


DESCRIPTION

Language: Akkadian
Medium: clay tablet
Length: 60 lines of writing
Obverse: 30 lines
Reverse: 30 lines
Genre: Letter
Sender: Adadshumusur
Recipient: Ashurbanipal
Approx. Date of Letter: 668—627 BCE
Place of Discovery: Kouyunjik, Iraq
(ancient)
Date of Discovery: c. 1896
Discoverer:
Current Location: British Museum
Inventory Number: Kouyunjik Collection Rm. 76
Tablet Number: RCAE 716
Harper IV.358 (1896)




TEXT
TRANSLITERATION
(from Waterman 1930:)
TRANSLATION
(adapted from Waterman 1930:)
OBVERSE
1 To the king, my lord, (from) your servant Adad-shumusur.
2 May it be well with the king, my lord.
3 May Ashur, Ninlil, Sin, Shamash, Adad,
4 Marduk, Sarpanitum, Nabu, Tashmetum,
5 Ishtar of Nineveh, Ishtar of Arbela,
6 Ninib, Ninib, Nergal, Laz,
7 the great gods of heaven and earth, and the great gods
8 who live in Assyria and Akkad, to the king my lord
9 be abundantly gracious
10 Health of mind and body, far extended days, fullness of offspring,
11 a reign of abundance,
12 may they grant to the king, my lord.
13 May the king, my lord, have a son and seed, offspring
14 and descendants. May your rootsend forth shoots; may they spread abroad.
15 Regarding what the king, the lord of kings, my lord, has written,
16 saying, "Now may your heart be of good cheer.
17 Your appetite henceforth shall not be restricted,"
18 because of this good word, this king deed
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REVERSE
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NOTES
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DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

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SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
Albright, W. F. "Akkadian Letters." In Ancient Near Eastern Text Relating to the Old Testament, 482-90. 3rd ed. Ed. J. A. Pritchard. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1969.
Oppenheim, A. Leo. Letters from Mesopotamia. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1967.
Waterman, Leroy. Royal Correspondence of the Assyrian Empire: Translated into English, with a Transliteration of the Text and Commentary. University of Michigan Studies. Humanistic Series 17. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1930.


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Last Modified: 11 April 2009