(a West Semitic Language)
|Medium:||basalt stone stele|
|Size:||1.15 meters high
60-68 centimeters wide
|Length:||35 lines of writing|
|Honoree:||Mesha, king of Moab
(late 9th century BCE)
|Approximate Date:||830 BCE|
|Place of Discovery:||Dhiban [in modern Jordan]|
|Date of Discovery:||1868
|Current Location:||Louvre Museum
|Inventory number:||AO 5066
by K. C. Hanson
(Adapted from Albright 1969:320-21)
. . . Kemosh said to me, "Go down, fight against Hauranen!" I went down
. . . and Kemosh restored it in my days . . .
| 1. What were the implications of Israel's invasion
and occupation of Moab?
2. What does the stele tell us about the roles of ancient monarchs?
3. What sort of rhetorical propaganda does Mesha use to make his points?
4. What does the stele tell us about the construction of political religion in ancient Moab? How does this compare with ancient Israel? What is the relationship of Mesha and Moab to Kemosh? (See 2 Samuel 7:1-29; Lamentation 2:1-9)
5. How does Moab's ideology of military mass destruction compare with that of Israel's? (See Joshua 10–11 and 1 Samuel 15)
|Albright, W. F.. "Palestinian Inscriptions." In
Ancient Near Eastern Texts. Edited by J. B. Pritchard, 320-22.
3rd ed. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1969.
Dahood, Mitchell J. "The Moabite Stone and Northwest Semitic Philology." In The Archaeology of Jordan and Other Studies Presented to S. H. Horn. Edited by L. T. Geraty and L. G. Herr, 429-41. Berrien Spring, Mich.: Andrews Univ. Press, 1986.
Dearman, Andrew, editor. Studies in the Mesha Inscription and Moab. Archaeology and Biblical Studies 2. Atlanta: Scholars, 1989.
Dearman, J. Andrew and Gerald L. Mattingly. "Mesha Stela." In Anchor Bible Dictionary. Edited by D. N. Freedman, 4.708-9. New York: Doubleday, 1992.
Mattingly, Gerald L. "Mesha." In Anchor Bible Dictionary. Edited by D. N. Freedman, 4.707. New York: Doubleday, 1992.
Miller, J. Maxwell. "The Moabite Stone as a Memorial Stele." Palestine Exploration Quarterly 106 (1974) 9-18.
Miller, Patrick D. "A Note on the Mesha Inscription." Orientalia 38 (1969) 461-64.
Pardee, Dennis. "Literary Sources for the History of Palestine and Syria II. Hebrew, Moabite, Ammonite and Edomite Inscriptions." Andrews University Seminary Studies 17 (1979) 47-70.
Smelik, Klaas A. D. "The Literary Stucture of King Mesha's Inscription." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 46 (1990) 21-30.