|Size:||9.8 cm long
5.2 cm wide
102 lines of writing
|Date:||late 7th cent. BCE|
|Nabopolassar's reign:||626–605 BCE|
|Place of Discovery:||Baghdad, Iraq|
|Date of Discovery:||1921?
|Current Location:||Carlos Museum
Adapted from Al-Rawi (1985) and Beaulieu (2000)
Nabopolassar, the King of Justice, the Shepherd called by Marduk, the one created by Ninmenna (Queen of queens), the one to whom Nabu and Tashmetu stretch out their hand, the Prince beloved of Ninshiku.
But I—the weak one, the powerless one, the one who constantly seeks the Lord of lords—removed them from Akkad and cause (the Babylonians) to throw off their yoke with the mighty power of Nabu and Marduk, my patrons.
1. What is the significance of identifying ancient Near Eastern kings as "shepherds"? (Compare 2 Samuel 5:2; Psalm 78:70-71; Isaiah 44:28; Hammurabi Stele, Prologue line 15; Sennacherib Prism, line 3.)
2. Why does Nabopolassar call himself "the son of a nobody"?
3. Compare and contrast this inscription with that of Nebuchanezzar (Nabopolassar's son and successor) on the Ishtar Gate.
4. What is corvée labor? How did ancient Near Eastern monarchs use it? Compare 1 Kings 5:13-18; 9:15-22; 12:4. Consult Rainey (1970).
| Al-Rawi, F. N. J.
"Nabopolassar's Restoration Work on the Wall Imgur-Enlil
at Babylon." Iraq 47 (1985) 1-13 + Plate 1.
Beaulieu, Paul-Alain. "Nabopolassar's Restoration of Imgur-Enlil, the Inner Defensive Wall of Babylon." In The Context Scripture, edited by W. W. Hallo, vol. 2, 307-8. Leiden: Brill, 2000.
Borger, R. "Der Aufstieg des neubabylonischen Reiches." Journal of Cuneiform Studies 9 (1965) 59-78.
Lambert, W. G. "The Babylonians and Chaldaeans." In Peoples of Old Testament Times, edited by D. J. Wiseman, 179-96. Oxford: Clarendon, 1973.
Luckenbill, Daniel David. Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia. Vol. 2: Historical Records of Assyria from Sargon to the End. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1927.
Rainey, Anson F. "Compulsory Labour Gangs in Ancient Israel." Israel Exploration Journal 20 (1970) 191-202.
Roux, Georges. Ancient Iraq. 2nd ed. New York: Viking Penguin, 1980.
Sack, Ronald H. "Nabopolassar." In Anchor Bible Dictionary, edited by D. N. Freedman, 4.977-78. New York: Doubleday, 1992.
Saggs, H. W. F. "The Assyrians." In Peoples of Old Testament Times, edited by D. J. Wiseman, 156-78. Oxford: Clarendon, 1973.
Saggs, H. W. F. Civilization Before Greece and Rome. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1989.
Saggs, H. W. F. The Greatness that was Babylon: A Sketch of the Ancient Civilization of the Tigris-Euphrates Valley. New York: Hawthorn, 1962.
Zawadzki, Stefan. The Fall of Assyria and Median-Babylonia Relations in Light of the Nabopolassar Chronicle. Seria Historia 149. Poznan: Adam Mickiewicz Univ. Press, 1988.