Oriental Institute, Chicago
13.3cm wide at the top
14cm wide at the bottom
the width of the six panels are:
the hole at the top is 2.3cm
the hole at the bottom is 2.5cm
500 lines of writing
|Approximate Date:||689 BCE|
|Dates of Sennacherib's reign:||701–681 BCE|
|Purchaser:||J. H. Breasted
the Oriental Institute
|Seller:||Baghdad antiquities dealer|
|Date of Purchase:||winter 1919–20
|Ostensible find location:||mound at Kuyunjik
(in modern Mosul, Iraq)
|Current Location:||Oriental Institute
Adapted from Luckenbill (1927:23-27)
| 1Sennacherib, the great
2the mighty king,10The god Assur, the great mountain, an unrivaled kinship 11has entrusted to me, and above all those 12who dwell in palaces, has made my weapons powerful. 13From the upper sea of the setting sun 14to the lower sea of the rising sun, 15he has brought the black-headed people in submission at my feet. 16And mighty kings feared my warfare, 17leaving their homes and 18flying alone, like the sidinnu, the bird of the cave, 19 to some inaccessible place.
Merodach-baladan ruled Babylon in 722-710, 703-702 BCE (see 2 Kings 20:12 and Isaiah 39:1). He was forced to flee Babylon by Sargon of Assyria (710-703), but briefly regained the throne until he was forced to flee again by Sennacherib (as noted here). He is also called Berodach-baladan in 2 Kings 20:12; 2 Chr. 20:31.
Elam was a kingdom in the region of modern Iran, on the north end of the Persian Gulf. The Bible identifies Elamite archers as mercenaries for the Assyrians and Babylonians (Isaiah 22:6; Jeremiah 49:35).
Kish was located to the southeast of Babylon and originally was a city-state.
Assur was the patron deity of the city of Assur and the Assyrian empire. He was identified especially with war and royalty, and as head of the Assyrian pantheon, he took on some of the characteristics of the earlier Babylonian deity Enlil.
Kassites were an ancient people from western Iran, who at one time had ruled Babylon.
|Column 2||Column 3|
|Column 4||Column 5||Column 6|
James H. The Oriental Institute. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press,
Childs, Brevard S. Isaiah and the Assyrian Crisis. Studies in Biblical Theology 2/3. London: SCM, 1967.
Clements, R. E. Isaiah and the Deliverance of Jerusalem: A Study of the Interpretation of Prophecy in the Old Testament. JSOT Supplements 13. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1980.
Grayson, A. Kirk. "Sennacherib." In Anchor Bible Dictionary. Edited by D. N. Freedman, 5.1088-89. New York: Doubleday, 1992.
Luckenbill, Daniel David. The Annals of Sennacherib. Oriental Institute Publications 2. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago, 1924.
Luckenbill, Daniel David. Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia. Vol. 2: Historical Records of Assyria from Sargon to the End. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1927.
Roux, Georges. Ancient Iraq . 2nd ed. New York: Viking Penguin, 1980.
Saggs, H. W. F. "The Assyrians." In Peoples of Old Testament Times, 156-78. Oxford: Clarendon, 1973.
Saggs, H. W. F. Civilization Before Greece and Rome. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1989.